Santorini (Greek: Σαντορίνη) is a small, circular archipelago of islands of volcanic origin, located in the southern Aegean Sea 110 km north of the island of Crete and is the most southern of the Cyclades. The island has an area of 73 sq km and a population of approximately 13,000. The name Santorini was given to it by the Latin empire in the 13th century, and is a reference to Saint Irene. It is also known as Thera or Thira (Greek: Θήρα).
It is essentially what remains of an enormous volcanic explosion, destroying the earliest settlements on what was formerly a single island, and leading to the creation of the current geological caldera. The giant central lagoon now measures 11 km by 7 km and is surrounded by cliffs that rise to 300 meters on three sides. On the fourth side of the island, the lagoon is separa... [Continua...]